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Door to Underworld

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The door to underworld in both Greek and Roman traditions found at Turkey. This is also known as Pluto’s Gate. This is in the ancient Phrygian city of Hierapolis in southwestern Turkey. The cave emitted emitted poisonous gasses, and was described as “lethal” by the researchers who discovered it. Several birds that tried to get close to the warm opening were instantly killed by the carbon dioxide fumes. Researchers said that the Ploutonion is really a natural phenomenon, an opening in the earth’s crust, like a cave, from which foul and poisonous gasses escaped. It is also known as ‘mephitic’ gasses. The gate always attracted a lot of interest. People who travelled to the gate were given birds to test the gasses as priests sacrificed animals to gods of the dead.
Francesco D’Andria, professor of classic archaeology at the University of Salento said, “People could watch the sacred rites from these steps, but they could not get to the area near the opening. Only the priests could stand in front of the portal.”
The site was destroyed by Christians and later by earthquakes in sixth century. Though there such “gates” across the world, none of them have the same specific cultural significance.
A similar gate known as “The Door to Hell,” was discovered in Turkmenistan in 1971. It was on fire for at least 40 years. Soviet geologists drilled into a Natural gas chamber and ignited the gas.In 2013, explorer George Kourounis set out to become the first person to reach the depths of the terrifying crater in Turkmenistan.This is 225 feet (69 metres) wide and 99 feet (30 metres) deep.

Read also: https://careercore.in/current-affairs-25-march-2020.html

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