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Know the Geographical Facts

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  1. The Sundarbans or the ‘Mangrove’ forest are found in deltaic West Bengal.
  2. Hirkund Dam is built on Mahanadi.
  3. The largest tropical lake in the world is Lake Victoria.
  4. Strait is a naturally formed, narrow, typically navigable waterway that connects two larger bodies of water.
  5. Gulf is a portion of the ocean that penetrates land.
  6. Cape is a high point of land that extends into a river, lake, or ocean.
  7. Aquifer is an underground reservoir of water which can be extracted for surface use.
  8. Archipelago is a chain or set of islands grouped together.
  9. Atoll circular coral reef that encloses a shallow lagoon.
  10. Biosphere is the plant and animal life on the earth.
  11. Caldera is a bowl-shaped circular depression caused by the destruction of the peak of a volcano.
  12. El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO) is a periodic warming of the ocean waters in the eastern Pacific Ocean which affects global weather patterns.
  13. Estuary is the wide end of a river when it meets the sea; salty tidal water mixes with the fresh water of the river here.
  14. Fault is a fracture in rock where there has been movement and displacement.
  15. Geologic time is the calendar of the earth’s history since its birth 4.6 billion years ago; geologic time is divided into eras, epochs, and periods.
  16. Glacier is a large mass of ice that moves over the land, carving and eroding surfaces as it moves.
  17. Greenhouse effect describes the ability of gasses in the atmosphere to absorb heat from the earth’s surface.
  18. Humidity is amount of water vapour in the air.
  19. International Date Line is an imaginary line near 180° longitude that exists to separate the two simultaneous days that exist on the planet that the same time.
  20. Jet stream is the high-altitude high-speed air current in the tropopause.
  21. La Niña is a periodic cooling of the ocean waters in the Pacific Ocean which affects global weather patterns.

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